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Ambassador Zheng Zeguang on the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Communist Party of China Central Committee (part 1): The Plenum Will Have Far-reaching Significance on China
2021-12-01 01:28

On November 23, Ambassador Zheng Zeguang delivered a keynote speech at the online Symposium on the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Communist Party of China Central Committee, during which he pointed out that the Plenum was held at an important time: the CPC marks its centenary this year and the timelines of the two centenary goals converge. The Plenum summed up, in a systematic way, the major achievements and historical experience of the Party over the past century, and reviewed and adopted the Resolution on the Major Achievements and Historical Experience of the Party over the Past Century. The Plenum stressed that it is of decisive significance that the Party establish Comrade Xi Jinping’s core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole, and define the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. It also adopted the decision to hold the 20th CPC National Congress in Beijing in the second half of next year. The plenum will have far-reaching significance for unifying the whole Party in thinking and action, upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, and driving forward the historic process of national rejuvenation.

The Resolution is a systematic summary of the Party’s major achievements in the past century. The one hundred years’ experience can be divided into four historical stages in which the CPC united and led the Chinese people to achieve four great transformations for the country through strenuous efforts. The first stage is the new-democratic revolution. China was transformed from a millennium-old feudal autocracy to a people’s democracy. The Chinese people had stood up. The time in which the nation could be bullied and abused was gone forever. A new era began. The second stage features socialist revolution and construction. The once poor and backward Oriental nation with a large population became a socialist country. The Chinese people showed the world that they were not only capable of dismantling the old but also of building the new, that only socialism could save China and that only socialism could develop China. The third stage was marked by reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. The nation not only took historic strides in raising the living standards from bare subsistence to overall moderate prosperity and then toward moderate prosperity in all respects, but also made great leaps from standing up to growing prosperous. Reform and opening up has been crucial in making China what it is today. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the right way forward. It has led the country toward development and prosperity. During these years, China caught up with the times in great strides. The fourth stage is the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We have shown the world that the Chinese nation has achieved the tremendous transformation from standing up and growing prosperous to becoming strong.

The Resolution provides a key summary on the Party’s great achievements in the new era. Since the 18th Party National Congress, and in the face of the severe situation and complex tasks, the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has introduced major principles and policies, launched a host of major initiatives, pushed ahead with many major tasks, and overcome a number of major risks and challenges. Many tough problems that were long on the agenda but remained outstanding have been resolved. Many tasks long overdue have been accomplished. This has prompted historic achievements and historic transformations in the cause of the Party and the country. The Resolution lays out the achievements in the new era in 13 aspects.

Take for example the Party’s overall leadership. The Central Committee’s authority and its centralized, unified leadership have remained robust, the Party’s leadership system has improved, and the way in which the Party exercises its leadership has become more refined. There is greater unity among all Party members in terms of thinking, political resolve, and action. The Party has significantly boosted its capability of political leadership, theoretical guidance, organizational efficiency and public influence.

Another example: The Party has been taking resolute actions in exercising complete and rigorous self-governance and giving full play to its role in providing political guidance and safeguard. This has significantly strengthened the Party’s ability to improve and reform itself and to maintain its integrity. This has also fundamentally addressed lax and weak governance. An overwhelming victory has been achieved in the fight against corruption, and this momentum has been consolidated across the board, rooting out serious potential dangers in the Party, the country, and the military. The Party has grown stronger through revolutionary tempering.

In pursuing economic growth, domestic development has become notably more balanced, coordinated and sustainable. China’s GDP has exceeded 100 trillion yuan, and per capita GDP has topped US$10,000. China’s economic capability, scientific and technological prowess, and composite national strength have reached new heights. It is on the way towards higher-quality development that is more efficient, equitable, sustainable and secure.

On the diplomatic front, China has advanced all-round major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics. The concept of a human community with a shared future has become a banner leading the trends of the times and human progress. China has broken new ground in its diplomatic endeavours and turned crises into opportunities amid complex situations on the international stage. These efforts have resulted in a marked increase in China’s international influence, appeal and power to shape.


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