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Home > Ambassador Liu
Speech by H.E. Ambassador Liu Xiaoming at the Awarding of Degree of Doctor of Laws Honoris Causa: Build World Peace and Prosperity on Wisdom
University of Nottingham, 6 September
2017/09/06

Professor Sir David Greenaway,

Teachers and Students,

Ladies and Gentlemen:

It is such a great delight to be back to the University of Nottingham on this beautiful autumn day. For me:

  • Every journey to Nottingham brings new thoughts.
  • Every visit to your University is highly stimulating.
  • And every trip is rewarding.

Undoubtedly the biggest reward of this visit is receiving the Nottingham's honorary doctorate of law. I am deeply moved by this degree being conferred on me. Therefore, I would like to first of all extend my heartfelt thanks to Nottingham University and to Professor Sir David.

I take this degree as not only an honour for myself but also the recognition of the work of the Chinese Embassy in the UK. More significantly, it represents Nottingham's strong commitment and remarkable contribution to the educational cooperation between our two countries. Furthermore, it strengthens my personal ties with Nottingham University.

I have been Chinese Ambassador to the UK for over seven years. Nottingham was among the very first universities that I visited. But, more than that, Nottingham is one of the British universities that I have paid the most visits to. However, my links with your university began much earlier. It reaches back over 16 years.

In 2001, I was appointed Chinese Ambassador to Egypt. At the ceremony of presenting credentials to Egyptian President Mubarak, there were 15 ambassadors. These included three representing the US, the UK, and of course China, all permanent members of the UN Security Council. The US Ambassador David Welch is my fellow alumnus from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. The British Ambassador is an eminent Nottingham alumnus, Sir John Sawers. We were all in mid-forties and serve as Ambassador for the very first time. So, we were known as the "three rookies" in the diplomatic community in Cairo! Sir John later told me that he thought at that time he was "the youngest Ambassador in Egypt" and later found out that the Chinese Ambassador was one year younger than him.

In the years we spent together in Cairo, Sir John and I became very good friends. We often exchanged views on  the Middle East and international situation. After leaving Egypt, Sir John and I continued to stay in touch. When I came to Britain as Chinese Ambassador, Sir John was holding an important British government office. Both of us worked hard in our respective posts to increase the political mutual trust and deepen the strategic cooperation between China and Britain. It was through Sir John that I got to know about the great strengths of the University of Nottingham. Through Sir John I learned to appreciate your motto which is:

"A city is built on wisdom."

I believe that: Wisdom comes with maturity and lays the groundwork for success. Wisdom is indispensable for building friendship between people. And wisdom is the path to deliver mutual respect and understanding between nations.

Time flies and 16 years are like a 'split second'. The once youngest Ambassador in Egypt has now become the longest serving Chinese Ambassador to Britain! For seven years and more in Britain, I have had the honour to witness and personally contribute to a thriving China-UK relationship. This was most notable in 2015, when Chinese President Xi Jinping paid a successful State Visit to the UK. That State Visit ushered in the China-UK "Golden Era". China and the UK began a global comprehensive strategic partnership for the 21st century. Never before has China-UK relationship been so strong and so close as it is now.

For seven years and more, China-UK cooperation across the board has been expanding both in quality and quantity:

  • Bilateral trade grew from 50.8 billion US dollars to 74.4 billion.
  • And investment from China to Britain expanded 13 times from 1.3 billion to 18 billion US dollars. This is much more than Chinese investment in any other European country.

Progress is also being made in China-UK financial cooperation:

  • All major Chinese banks have come to London one after another, setting up branches or subsidiaries.
  • The Chinese and British Governments respectively issued their first RMB sovereign bond in London.
  • And London is now the largest RMB offshore market outside China.

China-UK cooperation on the Belt and Road is also deepening. Britain was the first major western country to apply to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the second only after China to contribute capital to the AIIB infrastructure project.

China and Britain are also enhancing collaboration on many international agendas:

  • Strengthening the UN and G20.
  • Advancing cyber security.
  • Moving forward on antimicrobial resistance.
  • Co-operating on climate change.
  • And working together on protecting wild life.

For seven years and more, cultural and people-to-people exchanges have been a definite highlight in China-UK relations. There are many positive developments:

  • Our two countries successfully co-hosted the first Year of Cultural Exchange.
  • Every year, more than 1.5 million mutual visits are made between China and Britain.
  • Enthusiasm for Chinese culture and language learning has been growing across Britain.
  • More and more British schools offer Chinese as the first foreign language in their curriculum.
  • The Chinese New Year has become a popular annual festival in London and across the UK. The celebration at the Trafalgar Square, in particular, is now the biggest Chinese New Year event outside Asia. For the past seven years, I have never missed one.
  • In China, the rising interest in Britain can also be strongly felt. Harry Porter, Downtown Abbey, Sherlock, and many other British films and TV dramas have a huge number of fans in China. The number of Chinese tourists visiting Britain keeps growing every year.

For seven years and more, education has become the biggest highlight of China-UK cultural and people-to-people exchanges. In the field of educational ties with China, Britain has set at least three European records:

  • Britain is the biggest European destination for Chinese students. This year, nearly 170,000 Chinese students came to the UK, compared to 120,000 seven years ago.
  • Britain is home to the largest number of Confucius Institutes and Confucius Classrooms, increasing from 13 and 57 respectively seven years ago to 29 and 140 today.
  • Britain is leading all European countries in joint research and studies with world-class Chinese universities. There are so many examples:

o Peking University set up separately with University of Cambridge and University of Edinburgh cultural and area studies centres in each other's campus.

o Cambridge, Qinghua and others established joint low-carbon study centres.

o There are also the Oxford-Suzhou Centre for Advanced Research and the centre for education on scientific innovation set up by Cambridge and Nanjing.

It is a great pleasure to witness the exceptional commitment of the University of Nottingham to China. Led by Professor Sir David, Nottingham University has always played a leading and exemplary role in the educational exchanges between our two countries:

  • Nottingham University is the first British University to appoint a Chinese Chancellor and to set up a joint campus in China.
  • The Nottingham Confucius Institute is named a Model Confucius Institute.
  • Nottingham University is home to more than 2,000 Chinese students.
  • And Nottingham University is a leader in the study of contemporary China.

The progress of China-UK educational exchanges is not only evidenced by numbers. More significantly, it is reflected in the growing quality of cooperation:

  • In 2012, China and Britain co-established the High Level People-to-People Exchange Mechanism.
  • At present, this mechanism has become one of the three major pillars underpinning the development of China-UK relations.
  • It helps strengthen the top level design of our bilateral exchanges on cultural and people-to-people ties. It ensures stronger policy and institutional support.
  • This year marks the fifth anniversary of the High Level People-to-People Exchange Mechanism.
  • The new round of dialogue is going to take place in Britain in early December this year, which, I am sure, will produce more concrete outcomes.

Looking ahead, the closer cultural and people-to-people exchanges between China and Britain will bring more benefit to the people of our two countries. In turn, this will further consolidate the public support for China-UK "Golden Era". Moreover, it will have a global significance and extensive influence. It will show that closer dialogue, deeper exchanges and stronger cooperation on the basis of equality and mutual respect delivers great benefits. It will smooth state-to-state ties and contribute to the harmonious co-existence between diverse civilizations.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Over the past seven years and more, the China-UK relationship is not free from problems. Like building a city, building sound China-UK relations as we enjoy today is no easy task. China and Britain are two nations differing in history, heritage and social system. So, it is only natural that we do not see eye to eye on every issue. It is only inevitable that sometimes we have different views and ideas. In dealing with these differences, I think Nottingham's motto offers food for thought:

  • We should seek common ground while handling differences with wisdom.
  • And we should always work to build China-UK relations on foundations of wisdom.

On today's occasion, I cannot help thinking about my graduation from my alma mater, Dalian University of Foreign Languages, more than 40 years ago. Back then, I was like each and every one of you sitting in this hall, young and eager to explore. At that time, my dream was to do something for China's diplomacy and for world peace and development.

Luckily, my dream came true. I became a Chinese diplomat. In my four-decade long diplomatic career, I have had six overseas postings in four continents: Africa, America, Asia and Europe. But wherever I go, my heart is always with my homeland, China. As I understand, without a strong and prosperous homeland, any individual success would be meaningless. For a diplomat, no individual behavior is really individual. Whatever you do, you represent your country. Indeed, my time here in Britain, over the past seven years, made me feel even more deeply about this.

Recently, a documentary being shown in China has become a big popular hit. It is called "China's Diplomacy." This film series is an overview of China's diplomacy under the leadership of President Xi Jinping over the past five years. I highly recommend this documentary  to Nottingham teachers and students. As China develops and as China's diplomatic endeavors unfold, I have every confidence that we will be able to contribute more of China's wisdom and China's solutions to the cause of world peace and development.

Before I conclude, I have these thoughts for my young Nottingham alumni:

  • Young people like you will be the ones to shape the future of China-UK relations.
  • And, you will be the ones to make sure the world continues to develop and make progress.

Just as another Nottingham alumnus, D.H. Lawrence said:

"Instead of chopping yourself down to fit the world, chop the world down to fit yourself."

It is my sincere hope that you will keep these words in mind, take a global vision and live up to the spirit of Nottingham University.

I hope you will meet the changing and challenging world head on and prove your wisdom and capabilities:

  • In developing China-UK friendship.
  • In consolidating the China-UK "Golden Era".
  • And in building world peace and prosperity.

Thank you!

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